Overview. Section 118(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA), as amended, requires that “Each country development strategy statement or other country plan prepared by the Agency for International Development shall include an analysis of (1) the actions necessary in that country to achieve conservation and sustainable management of tropical forests, and (2) the extent to which the actions proposed for support by the Agency meet the needs thus identified.
Similarly, Section 119(d) of the FAA, as amended, requires that “Each country development strategy statement or other country plan prepared by the Agency for International Development shall include an analysis of (1) the actions necessary in that country to conserve biological diversity, and (2) the extent to which the actions proposed for support by the Agency meet the needs thus identified.”
Chapter 201 of USAID’s Automated Directives System (ADS), which sets out USAID’s mandatory Operational Policies, implements this statutory requirement. ADS 201.3.4 establishes the process and mandatory inputs to the USAID Country Development Cooperation Strategy (CDCS). The CDCS is generally a five-year strategy that is the mandatory basis for design of individual projects and programs. ADS 201.3.4 mandates that an “environmental analysis” satisfying the requirements of FAA 118(e) and 119(d), as above, be completed in Phase 1 of CDCS development.
In consequence, USAID missions and analogous operating units should develop or update an “FAA 118/119” analysis at least every five years.
Best Practices for Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Assessments (508 KB PDF) (Chemonics International Inc.; USAID. Bur. for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade. Ofc of Agriculture. Apr 2005. 28 p. PN-ADE-67)
This publication provides a broad overview of Section 118 and 119 analyses, including elements of best practices, and a framework for analyses. Many examples of best practice elements are included, as well as useful tools such as key analytical questions to ask when conducting an analysis; model Scope(s) of Work, and a model report table of contents. The report provides wider lessons learned and more standardized, but still flexible ways of conducting these required analyses so as to tailor them to mission needs
Tropical Forestry and Biodiversity (FAA 118 and 119) Analyses:
Lessons Learned and Best Practices from Recent USAID Experience (656 KB PDF). Associates in Rural Development, Inc. (ARD); USAID. Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade. Office of Environment and Natural Resources. Sep 2005. 74 p. PN-ADE-195
This report is written by an implementing partner with extensive experience developing 118 and 119 analyses, and shares key lessons and helpful tips for conducting an analysis, as well as how to make them more useful.
Agency Annual Summary Reports.
FAA 118 and 119 also require USAID to report annually on how the agency has implemented the programming mandates established by these sections of the law in the area of tropical forests and biodiversity. USAID satisfies this requirement with a “Biodiversity Conservation and Forestry Programs Annual Report.”
These reports are available at: https://www.usaid.gov/biodiversity/impact/annual-reports
Country FAA 118/119 Analyses.